Champions League History
Europe’s premier club competition premiered 30 days after UEFA’s first Congress, locked in Vienna on 2 March 1955 yet, strangely enough, the so-known as “European Cup” wasn’t a UEFA initiative.
Whereas a lot of UEFA’s founder people were interested in creating a nationwide team competition, in france they sports daily L’Equipe as well as their then-editor Gabriel Hanot, were championing the reason for any European-wide club competition. Hanot, along with friend Jacques Ferran, developed a blueprint for any challenge tournament to become performed on Wednesdays under floodlights.
The tournament initiated by L’Equipe didn’t stipulate the participating teams needed to be champions of the country, however they asked clubs who they considered had probably the most fan appeal. Representatives of 16 clubs were asked to conferences on 2 and three April 1955 and also the L’Equipe rules were unanimously approved. The very first European Champions Clubs’ Cup fixture was performed in Lisbon and Sporting Clube de Portugal were held to some 3-3 draw by FK Partizan. The Yugoslav side won the return leg in Belgrade 5-2 to succeed to another round.
Real Madrid CF immediately made the tournament their very own by winning the very first five finals. Since that time, other clubs also have enjoyed fruitful runs within the competition with AFC Ajax and FC Bayern München both finishing three consecutive wins. However, nobody club has had the ability to claim lengthy-term domination. Ajax anxiously waited 22 many years to give a 4th title towards the hat-trick acquired in early 1970s Madrid’s win in 1998 was their first in 32 many Bayern’s penalty shoot-out success in Milan in 2001 ended a 26-year watch for their 4th success.
Liverpool FC’s four victories between 1977 and 1984 deserve special mention because the British club won its four trophies with basically different teams. The Reds’ European pedigree shone brightly again in 2005 once they battled away from 3- lower to defeat AC Milan on penalties with what was possibly the competition’s most enjoyable and memorable final.
Real Madrid CF happen to be probably the most effective side within the UEFA Champions League, winning your competition three occasions. They’re also probably the most effective side overall with nine triumphs, adopted by six for AC Milan, five for Liverpool and 4 each for Bayern and Ajax. Madrid also contain the record for final appearances, with 12. Milan’s 2002/03 success came following a marathon 19 games in the third qualifying round from the competition completely for their penalty shoot-out success against Juventus FC within the final.
The main level within the evolution from the competition arrived the 1992/93 season once the UEFA Champions League, involving an organization phase additionally towards the traditional knock-out elements, was formally inaugurated following a pilot group stage throughout the previous season. The recognition from the group phase has observed your competition grow from eight to 32 teams with matches happening on Tuesdays and Wednesdays across Europe.